CTO salaries in the Ukrainian IT sector: the 2021 overview

Twitter
Linkedin
Facebook
Telegram

Indigo Tech Recruiters CEO Ekaterina Osadchuk and her team have completed the second annual overview of CTO salaries. Read the insights and details in the article below.

Salary review Forecasts Management CTO
CEO Indigo Tech Recruiters – Ekaterina Osadchuk CEO Indigo Tech Recruiters – Ekaterina Osadchuk

Indigo Tech Recruiters CEO Ekaterina Osadchuk and her team have completed the second annual overview of C-level executive salaries in the IT sector. Earlier, we published an overview of C-level position salaries.

And now we are taking a closer look at individual positions.

The VP of Engineering (VPE) and Chief Technology Officer (CTO) positions are often seen as interchangeable in the tech world since their functions largely overlap. However, there are nuanced distinctions between these roles.

Smaller companies have only a CTO, who is often a founder. As the business grows, CTOs find themselves under pressure to oversee talent acquisition and retention, product scaling, and delivery. This is where the VP of Engineering comes in.

Key distinctions:

  1. Vision. The VP of Engineering is tasked with bringing the product concept to life with due regard to delivery quality. Meanwhile, the CTO's responsibility is to maintain the company's tech advantage over competitors while keeping track of global trends.
  2. Responsibility. The VPE is responsible for talent retention by selecting personnel and developing career progression programmes. The CTO is all about shaping the company's engineering culture and vision.
  3. Specialization. The VPE specializes in managing people, processes, and product quality, spending a lot of time interacting with the team to get the best results. The CTO is a technical management and leadership position. A CTO mainly researches new platforms/architectures and reviews the current technology stack to find areas for improvement.
  4. Delivery. While the VPE plans project implementation and scaling to ensure its timely launch, the CTO is more concerned with how things are done with regard to the quality of code/delivered product.
  5. Interaction. VP of Engineering is more of an internal role—they interact with the team to develop and implement the strategy. CTO is the company's ‘tech face’ involved in numerous client-facing activities and interacting with other functional managers and the board of directors.

For the company to succeed, the CTO and VP of Engineering need to operate in concert, supplementing each other's work.

CTO salaries in Ukrainian tech companies

Below are the results of the survey among 50 CTOs in Ukraine. There were no women among the CTOs that participated in the survey.

70% of respondents worked in product companies, 48% in businesses registered in Ukraine, and 48% in the companies employing 21 to 200 people.

Fig. 1. Companies by the country of registration Fig. 1. Companies by the country of registration
Fig. 2. Companies by headcount Fig. 2. Companies by headcount

Fig. 3. % of respondents by company type (outsourcing, outstaffing, and product companies)

CTOs' median salary is currently at $7,250 against $6,000 in 2020, the overall bracket being $4,000–$12,000. Only a few CTOs reported their salary at $13,000–$14,000. They all fell into the 10th percentile and were cut off as possible outliers and statistically the least probable cases.

Fig. 4. Salary rate and the overall salary bracket Fig. 4. Salary rate and the overall salary bracket

We excluded the questions with fewer than 4 data points since they are not valid enough for decision-making.

E.g., if only four CTOs answered that they had just three years of experience in the management role, we would have excluded their responses as insufficiently representative, leaving only the data with five or more answers.

This kind of data is excluded from the tables and shown on the diagrams as a flat line. For instance, only four respondents had 1–2 years of experience as a top manager. This data was insufficient for an objective conclusion.

Fig. 5. Median salary by top management experience Fig. 5. Median salary by top management experience

Apparently, CTOs with C-level experience earned much more than their colleagues less experienced in the top positions—$11,000.

Fig. 6. CTO salary by years of employment with the company. Fig. 6. CTO salary by years of employment with the company.

The correlation between the number of years employed with the same company and CTO salary is non-existent.

Most CTOs that participated in the survey were 35 to 39 years old. The median level here is $8,000, while the younger and older colleagues report the levels by $1,400–$2,000 lower.

Fig. 7. CTO salary by age. Fig. 7. CTO salary by age.

If you look at how old the company is, you can see rare cases of $20,000 salaries in the companies 1–3 years old and in more mature, 10–20-year-old businesses.

The companies 5–10 and 10–20 years old have the same median—$8,000.

Fig. 8. CTO salary by company age Fig. 8. CTO salary by company age
Fig. 9. Detailed salary bracket breakdown by company age Fig. 9. Detailed salary bracket breakdown by company age

When it comes to headcount, the highest salaries were seen in companies employing 81 to 200 and 201 to 800 people—$15,200 and $16,400, respectively. However, medians in the companies with 21–80 and over 81–200 employees were the same at $8,000.

Fig. 10. CTO salaries by company headcount Fig. 10. CTO salaries by company headcount
Fig 11. Salaries by the number of subordinates Fig 11. Salaries by the number of subordinates

Most respondents worked in product companies. However, those working in the outsourcing companies reported the highest earnings. That said, there was an insignificant discrepancy between median salaries. Outsourcing companies seem to offer a higher bonus component, though.

Fig. 12. CTO salaries by company type Fig. 12. CTO salaries by company type

This can be due to the major product companies (with a headcount in the thousands) being nowhere near as numerous in Ukraine as the outsourcing ones.

Fig. 13. Overall CTO earnings by company type Fig. 13. Overall CTO earnings by company type

The highest earnings were reported by MedTech CTOs—from $15,000–$20,000.

Fig. 14. CTO salary bracket by industry Fig. 14. CTO salary bracket by industry

Only 7 CTOs were fully content with their salaries, earning $6,300–$14,400.

The five people dissatisfied with their work were paid $2,800–$6,300. 

Fig. 15. CTO work satisfaction by earnings Fig. 15. CTO work satisfaction by earnings

We also wanted to know the factors and work conditions determining work motivation and demotivation besides salary.

For the people working in these positions, the salary was the first most important thing (70%), followed by the freedom of making decisions and implementing them (64%), professional development (62%), and trust culture in the company (58%).

Fig. 16. CTO motivation factors Fig. 16. CTO motivation factors

The demotivation factors were as follows: subjectively low salary (44%), incompetent management (40%), and equally (38%) insufficient freedom in making and implementing decisions, distrust culture, and lack of the work-life balance.

Fig. 17. CTO demotivation factors Fig. 17. CTO demotivation factors

42% of respondents had no performance indicators tied to a bonus. Most KPIs were related to their department's goals (32%) and the company's earnings.

Fig. 18. KPIs tied to a bonus Fig. 18. KPIs tied to a bonus

44% of CTOs earned no bonuses. Most (28%) were paid an annual bonus.

Fig. 19. Frequency of bonus payouts Fig. 19. Frequency of bonus payouts

48% of CTOs reported having a flexible schedule, 46% had medical insurance, 34% got additional paid education, and 20% got options.

Fig. 20. CTO compensation package Fig. 20. CTO compensation package

We hope this information was helpful for your business decision-making.

P/S We also thank Royallex, as represented by Vitaliy Luzhentsov, for helping us process the data.

Author: Ekaterina Osadchuk, CEO, Indigo Tech Recruiters

Info
Author: Катерина Осадчук
2085 Views
Category C-level
02.07.2021
Common articles
Why you do not need an outstanding CEO, CTO, CFO and other CxO
You need good and competent management to make your company grow and develop. But, you don’t have to entice Satya Nadella from Microsoft. When you hire a CEO, CTO or a ma..
“Our managers spend around 30% of their time searching for talent”: an interview with Maxim Shtepa, CEO of SocialTech
From the experience of Indigo , one of the keys to effective recruitment is the dialogue between parties. That is why we have decided to publish a series of interviews ..
Why does your business need a recruiter?
This article may be of use to owners and directors familiar with Ukrainian IT realities who want to improve their recruiting and also to those foreign companies who are i..
Overview of the salary for C-level in the Ukrainian IT market in 2019
CEO Ekaterina Osadchuk and the Indigo Tech Recruiters team conducted the second annual review of C-level salaries in IT. We share the results
C-Level Executive Salaries in Ukrainian IT Sector in 2021: Overview
CEO Ekaterina Osadchuk and the Indigo Tech Recruiters team gave the third annual overview of how much C-level executives make in the IT sector. We share our results with ..
Iownit: “We keep our communication transparent, and require this from everyone in our company”
If you haven’t heard of iownit yet (which would be surprising), allow us to fix this right away. lownit Capital and Markets, Inc
Does HR Help a Company Earn Money or Just Spends It?
Katya Osadchuk— CEO, IndigoIT recruiting agency, economist, professional psychologist, and HR with over 10 years of experience, 6 of them as HR Director. This article is ..
Overview of C-Level Salaries on Ukrainian IT market
Lately we’ve filled 30 C-level vacancies in IT companies and discovered that neither candidates nor employers feel confident when it comes to numbers
The Coming Days: 10 Characteristics of the Team of the Future
We have already discussed personal skills of the future. In this article, we decided to talk about how teams are transformed and which skills and characteristics they sh..
Good CEO VS Bad CEO. One mistake that could cost your business.
Ekaterina Osadchuk — CEO at Indigo Tech Recruiters, economist, professional psychologist, HRD and business development director with more than ten years of experience
Overview of Product Roles salaries in Ukrainian IT companies
CEO Ekaterina Osadchuk and the Indigo Tech Recruiters team conducted the second annual review of salaries for C-level in IT. We remind you that every year we carry out a ..
Important HR-trends everyone should know about
Remote work, mental health, automatization of recruitment, inclusion… How will HR-trends influence our work in the near future?
No Copy-pasting or Koans: 9 Traps of Value Development
Have you ever tried to play a game without rules? That’s what it’s like if a company doesn’t recognize and showcase its own values
ANNA LAVROVA, IT PROJECT MANAGER, ABOUT RELOCATION: “EVERYTHING is POSSIBLE in DUBAI. EVERYTHING. IT IS NOT IMPORTANT IF YOU CAN MANAGE PROJECTS, MAKE HAIRCUTS FOR DOGS OR DO MANICURE “
Is the grass always greener on the other side? With IT recruitment agency Indigo, we decided to pose this question to the people whom we worked on “foreign” vacancies wi..
COO – the role and salary in the realities of Ukrainian IT
CEO Ekaterina Osadchuk and the INDIGO Tech Recruiters team conducted the second annual review of C-level salaries in IT. Recently, we published a review of the sala..